The Marine and Coastal Area (Takutai Moana) Act 2011 (MACA) is an attempt by the Crown to address the shortcomings of the Foreshore and Seabed Act 2004, and was the child of a time of protest and dissatisfaction. Māori were excited by the prospect of a legislative framework that would recognise their customary rights and interests in the foreshore area.

However, the issue was relatively polarising across the nation, with misinformation feeding fears that iwi would begin excluding the public from accessing beaches and coastline for recreation and fishing.
Chris Brankin, a policy advisor for Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu, shares his view on the impact of this legislation among Ngāi Tahu people.

The highest form of protection of Māori rights and interests available is “Customary Marine Title”, which recognises the relationship of an iwi, hapū, or whānau with a part of the common marine and coastal area. The title can’t be sold, and free public access, fishing, and other recreational activities are allowed to continue in Customary Marine Title areas.

Source: ngaitahu.iwi.nz / 3. Juli 2017